The Kola NPP is the first nuclear power plant in Russia beyond the Arctic Circle.
Power generation at the Kola NPP accounts for about 60% of electricity generation in the Murmansk Region. The nuclear power plant supplies electricity to the Kolenergo power systems of the Murmansk Region and Karelenergo of the Republic of Karelia.
Institutionally, the Kola NPP is divided into the first (Power Units No. 1, No. 2) and the second (Power Units No. 3, No. 4) stages due to differences in the design of VVER-440 reactor plants of the V-230 project (Units No. 1, No. 2) and V-213 (Units No. 3, No. 4).